Chewing gum is a synthetic or entertainment to refresh the mouth or removing odor and taste is used. So common in the old gum turpentine in Iran were told.Persian pronunciation of the name of Mark Adams wrote called gum (Adams) on the initial imported Sqz·hay Iran was seen as the gum was produced by the American Thomas Adams, who was the first modern gum manufacturers.He was chewing gum turpentine produced in New York Adams wrote (in English: Adams New York Chewing Gum) called on Gum today's history dates back to the 1860s, when a substance called Chyklh (chicle) was produced Resulting in the old gum tree bark birch tar can have chewed Paraffin is a common gum base, although it can be as long as in the mouth, hot and humid Chew
Materials that make up the basis of chewing gum are (30%), sweetener (59%), high-intensity sweeteners (0. 5%), plasticizers (2%), Shyrە corn (10%), flavors (4%), the active ingredients (5%) and food dyes and food colors
Health benefits of chewing gum:
1. to help improve concentration and memory. Chewing action stimulates the hypothalamus of the brain and secrete hormones that make people vigilant, alert and keep focused.
2-reducing ear due to changes in air pressure during flying.
3- to 10-fold increase in saliva. Hydrvn saliva containing carbonate ions that is a weak alkaline and neutralize the acids in the mouth is plaque. Saliva also contains minerals such as calcium, phosphate and fluoride (ingredients enamel) In repairing early decay and increase the effective strength of the tooth enamel. Amylase enzyme in saliva Nyz·hzm carbohydrates speeds. Thus, increased salivation would protect teeth against decay (40 percent), to facilitate the digestion of carbohydrates and will prevent dry mouth. Increased saliva to neutralize stomach acid, it also reduces heartburn.
4. eliminate bad breath and the breath freshener.
Note: chewing gum can be long-term and severe damage to the temporomandibular joint, or restoration of the teeth out of place.
Note: People who chew gum should not suffer from temporomandibular joint pain.
Note: To fill cracks and gaps interim or temporary tightening of loose glass windows can also be used chewing gum.
The foundation of gum (30%), which is part of the chewing gum can not be solved. Natural gum (chicle-mastic-spruce-balata), latex and (leche-jelutong-nispero), plastics (polyethylene, polyvinyl acetate, stearic acid), Paraffin Wax and Honey.
Sweeteners (59%), sugar and dextrose in normal chewing sugar-free gum and sorbitol (sorbitol), xylitol (xylitol), isomalt (isomalt), Maltydvl (maltidol) that the sweetener is consumed, and the volume .
Strong sweeteners (0. 5%), such as aspartame (aspartame) and Assvlfam potassium (acesulfame -k) that produce a high impact strength and a sweet flavor and a lasting increase in the overall flavors are added to chewing gum.
Software (2%), glycerin, lecithin, sorbitol liquid, juice and soft tissue Malytvl to give gum.